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Sewing machine developed in China
- Aug 31, 2018 -

In 1869, Li Hongzhang, a representative of the Westernization Movement, visited the United Kingdom. When he returned to China, he brought back a gilded singer sewing machine and gave it to the Empress Dowager Cixi as a gift. At the time, the British media also reported the matter.


The earliest sewing machine that can be found today is the advertisement for the Chinese market. On December 14, 1872, the "Declaration" published a notice of the sale of ready-made clothing for Jinlongyang. The notice said: "There are several new sewing machines for foreign countries, each with a price of 50 two. If you want to buy, please come to the Bank to contact." At that time, the foreign dealership was sold by American Shengjia Company (then called Singer Company).


Wang Hao, a famous modern thinker and political commentator, once described this machine. At that time, his neighbor was an American, and there was a Shengjia sewing machine in his home. In 1875, Wang Wei wrote: "There is a unique sewing machine in the West, and the needle is wonderful, and it is very beautiful. There is a copper plate. The wings are double-winged, and the iron wheel is placed under the needle. The foot is made of wood, the wheel rotates, and the hand is sturdy, and the fine needle is tight, and it is long and long."


Around 1880, Shengjia Company established Shanghai Feng Company in Nanjing Road, Shanghai (now No. 446 Nanjing East Road). In order to promote the products, the company hired Chinese women workers with higher compensation. After training, they were brought along the sewing machine to perform the sewing machine operation method. Soon, the sewing machine became a well-known advanced garment machine in Shanghai.


For a long time, Singer became synonymous with sewing machines and it was one of the Western industrial products that entered China earlier. In China, the earliest sewing machines were called "iron cars", "foreign machines", "needle cars" and so on. The last emperor Pu Yi gave the Queen a singer sewing machine, which is still a rarity in China.


In 1905, Shanghai first began to manufacture sewing machine parts and accessories, and established some small parts production workshops.


In 1928, the first 44-13 industrial sewing machine was produced by Shanghai Xiechang Sewing Machine Factory. In the same year, Shanghai Shengmei Sewing Machine Factory also produced the first household sewing machine.


Before 1949, the entire old Chinese sewing machine production was very low, with an annual output of less than 4,000 units. At that time, the sewing equipment market was mainly monopolized by the American Singer Company.


In 1949, after the founding of New China, the sewing machinery industry was fully developed. The industry experienced reorganization and transformation, public-private partnerships, mergers and acquisitions, and a reasonable division of labor, forming a number of key enterprises: such as Shanghai's cut and Chang Sewing machine manufacturers such as Huigong, Feigong, Butterfly and Tianjin Sewing Machine Factory and Guangzhou South China Sewing Machine Factory mainly produce ordinary household sewing machines and low-grade industrial sewing machines.


In the late 1950s, the light industry carried out generalization and standardization of household sewing machines, unified design drawings, improved the compatibility of parts and components, and increased the number of sewing machine manufacturers, and developed sunflower fans, medical operations, and badminton as needed. Special purpose sewing machines such as bicycle tires and cord fabric splicing. According to the statistics.


As of 1980, there were 56 sewing machine manufacturers in the country, distributed in 22 provinces and municipalities. As of 1982, the output of sewing machines in China reached 12.86 million units, ranking first in the world.


In the mid-1980s, with the continuous adjustment of the market and consumption structure, the product structure of sewing equipment was developed in the direction of high speed and serialization on the basis of medium and low speed industrial sewing machines. Electronic and computer technology were also widely used in sewing machines. . At the same time, China has also completed the establishment of a spare parts supporting system and built a huge sales network of sewing machines. After the introduction of foreign advanced technology, some sewing machine enterprises digest and absorb advanced technology.


In the early 1990s, internationally renowned companies entered China and established joint ventures and wholly-owned enterprises in China.


In the late 1990s, private enterprises began to rise, and the adjustment of industrial structure promoted the development of the industry. In general, it has formed six major production areas and bases in Shanghai, Jiangsu, Zhejiang, Shaanxi, Tianjin and Guangzhou.


As of 2004, there are more than 600 sewing machine manufacturers in China, more than 1,000 spare parts manufacturers, with an annual production capacity of 140.08 million units, a total production value of about 28 billion yuan, and nearly 1,000 varieties. It has become the main seam in the world. One of the countries that manufacture machinery.