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Sewing machine development history
- Aug 31, 2018 -

World development

After the industrial revolution in the mid-18th century, the large-scale production of the textile industry promoted the invention and development of sewing machines. In 1755, the German registered a sewing machine patent in the UK but lacked a testimony. In 1790, the British woodworker Thomas Saint first invented the world's first single-line chain for first hole punching, rear threading, and sewing leather shoes. Stitch hand-cranked sewing machine. In 1841, the French tailor Barthelemy Thimonnier (also translated by Butlermi Dimenier) invented and manufactured the chain stitch sewing machine with needles and hooks. In 1845, Elias Howe (also translated by Elijah Howe) independently invented the sewing machine.

In 1851, the American mechanical worker I.M. Sheng Jia (also translated by Lecco Merritt Shengjia) invented the lock stitch sewing machine and established the Shengjia company. The sewing machine of this period was basically hand-cranked.

In 1859, Shengjia Company invented the pedal sewing machine. After the invention of the electric motor from Thomas Edison, in 1889, Singer Company invented the electric motor-driven sewing machine. Since then, a new era of the sewing machine industry has been created.

In 1940, Swiss Elna Company invented a portable household sewing machine with a cylindrical base aluminum alloy casing and a built-in electric motor. After 1950, the home multi-function sewing machine was further developed.

Established in 1851, Singer was the first company in the United States to start sewing machines. At that time, the output of sewing machines was second only to the clock. In 1870, there were 69 companies producing sewing machines in the United States. In 1871, the annual output of sewing machines in the United States was 700,000. By 1891, Singer had produced a total of 10 million sewing machines. It can be said that in a long time, Singer Company basically monopolized the production of sewing machines in the world.

After the Second World War, the former sewing machine industry in West Germany, Italy and Japan developed rapidly. In addition to the companies that still produce high-grade traditional household sewing machines in Europe, most companies began to produce industrial sewing machines. During this period, Japanese sewing machine companies began to produce cheap sewing machines with government support and sold them to the United States and around the world.

In the early 1970s, the household sewing machine market in industrial advanced countries has become saturated. Japanese companies have to turn to industrial sewing machines in the face of rising labor costs, and South Korea has seized the opportunity of Taiwan to make the sewing machine industry. Rise, produce medium and low-grade sewing machines and put them into the international market.